What is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of an area of skin or nails caused by increased melanin resulting from sun damage on skin, inflammation, or other skin injuries related to acne vulgaris.
This disorders are common patches of skin that become darker than surrounding areas of skin. It appears as flat spots of discolouration. These range in color from pink to red, brown or black, depending on skin tone and the depth of discolouration.
Types of hyperpigmentation:
Melasma, Lentigines, and post-inflammatory disorder.
Each of these have different causes and a range of treatments and products, including creams and cosmetic procedures.
Many therapeutic options exist, though treatment is often difficult, requiring a lengthy therapy. Pigmentation disorders of the skin occur commonly and manifest in a variety of different forms. Two separate mechanisms account for the increased pigmentation and each may arise in the epidermis, dermis, or mixed (dermis and epidermis)
How to get rid of Hyperpigmentation
Although it is harmless, some people wish to get rid of it. There are possible treatment methods and home remedies for hyperpigmentation worth trying. To prevent hyperpigmentation, or to stop it from becoming more prominent:
- Avoid exposure to the sun. Use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to protect the skin and stop hyperpigmentation from becoming darker.
- Avoid picking at the skin. To prevent this disorder from forming after an injury, avoid picking at spots, scabs, and acne.
People can try the following treatments to lighten dark patches of skin and remove pigmentation:
Topical treatments will include ingredients that lighten the skin, such as: Azelaic acid, Corticosteroids, Hydroquinone, Kojic acid retinoids such as tretinoin, and vitamin C
Dermapen is highly effective for treating hyperpigmentation, particularly on dark skin colours, where laser treatments may not be the safest option (Due to further pigmentation risks). The treatment creates upto 1,920 fractional microchannels per second into the skin to promote a more balances and normalized cellular function. As melanocytes (pigment producing cells) are directly targeted, a repair and corrective process encourages an even skin tone creating a radiant appearance.
Some cosmetic procedures can also lighten areas of skin to reduce the appearance of pigmentation. Cosmetic procedures for hyperpigmentation include:
- Laser therapy
- Lintense pulsed light
- Chemical peels
If you are considering one of these procedures, discuss the process and possible side effects with a skin care specialist, or dermatologist.
How To Prevent Hyperpigmentation.
It’s not always possible to prevent this disorder. However, you can protect yourself by:
- using sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30
- Wearing hats or clothing that block sunlight
- Avoiding the sun during the time of the day when it’s strongest (4pm)
- Avoiding certain medications may also help prevent hyperpigmentation.